Foundation Syllabus: Clause 1.2

Types of Licences: Recall that Amateur Radio activities are authorised under an amateur licence. Other forms of licences authorise types of radiocommunications such as Citizen Band (CB), Land Mobile, Point to Point Links and Broadcasting.

Recall that the Amateur Service operates on frequency bands allocated for Amateur use. Recall that the Amateur Service shares some frequency bands with others.



There are three types, or levels, of Amateur Radio Licence. These are; Foundation, Standard and Advanced. Each has its own syllabus, assessment requirements and conditions. For your information, some of the details are laid out in the following Table.

Licence Level Transmission Limits Frequency Bands
Foundation: Power (Peak) = 10 Watts 4 High Frequency (HF) Bands
1 Very High Frequency (VHF) Band
1 Ultra High Frequency (UHF) Band
Standard: Power (Peak) = 100 Watts 5 High Frequency (HF) Bands
2 Very High Frequency (VHF) Band
3 Ultra High Frequency (UHF) Band
1 Super High Frequency (SHF) Band
Advanced: Power (Peak) = 400 Watts 1 Very Low Frequency (VLF) Band
2 Low Frequency (LF) Bands
8 High Frequency (HF) Bands
2 Very High Frequency (VHF) Band
3 Ultra High Frequency (UHF) Band
4 Super High Frequency (SHF) Band
5 Extremely High Frequency (EHF) Bands

Each of the Frequency Bands has a specific range of frequencies which we will address later.

Do not be discouraged by the initial limit of Transmission Power to 10 Watts. Under the right conditions you will still be able to make contact with other Amateurs overseas. We will learn more later about the time-of-day and other conditions that will allow you to make the most of transmitting over long distances.

The next thing to note about this part of the Syllabus is that it mentions other Radiocommunications Services. The Radio Spectrum, from VLF to EHF, is very busy and Amateurs only have access to small slices of it. The Table below details just some of the other radiocommunications Services that you should be aware of.

Service Purpose Do you recognise it?
Citizen Band (CB) An accessible form of intercommunication,
it is popular with truckers and preppers.
Land Mobile Services Land Mobile is used by Government Departments and Commercial Organisations to stay in contact with their employees working off-site or on the road.
This includes maritime vessels and aeroplanes.
Point-to-point Links Most often VHF or UHF, these "line-of-sight" services include TV and telemetry repeaters as well as satellite services
Broadcast Radio Services AM and FM Radio, as well as Television broadcasters, hold Commercial Licences use bands within the Electromagnetic spectrum - just as Amateurs do.

A simple radio shack
Courtesy of W6LG: Rocklin USA

Jim Heath's (W6LG) YouTube Channel


Look up, online, the Frequency Range of the FM Broadcast Band.

Look up, online, the Frequencies used for Australian Digital Television and make a note of them.

Watch this YouTube video if you are not already sure of the meanings of the "kilo" in kiloHertz and the "Mega" in MegaHertz.

Although the Amateur Bands are allocated for use by Amateurs, there are some Bands, or sections of Bands that are shared between a Primary user and a Secondary user. One example is the bottom half of the 6m Band (50.00 MHz to 52.00 MHz). We share this section of the Band with Commercial Broadcast Television Services. Contemplate for a moment who might be the Primary user and who, the Secondary.

to read an article a little about the history of this sharing arrangement. This is just one example of many that exist across the radio spectrum. Later we will look in greater detail at how each of the Amateur Bands is used and some recommendations about sub-bands within them that serve to keep their use somewhat organised. These recommendations are not regulations, but suggestions made by Amateur Radio's representative body: The Wireless Institute of Australia, in a document called the Australian Amateur Band Plans.

WIA Amateur Band Plans



Download and keep a *.pdf copy of the WIA Australian Band Plans. We will be referring to it many times during the course.

Always take the time to look at the supplimentary resources. Not everyone learns at the same pace and every individual has a different way of learning. Don't be frustrated if this website doesn't seem to meet your needs. The Internet is full of content in may different forms. Just use the Syllabus as a guide to find what you need.


This part of the topic will allow you to check your memory and understanding of the concepts that are covered in this one particular topic. It will contain a short series of questions that have been written to align closely with the outcomes of the syllabus. Remember that the pass mark for the Amateur Radio Exams is 70% so try to reach the point where you can consistently get 4 out of 5 of these self-check questions correct.
That would, if the self-check questions were in the exam, give you a confidence level of 80%

Quick Quiz: Topic 1.2

A shared band can be described as one that ...

supports more than one Service
allows multiple transmitting modes
allows more than one station to transmit on a given frequency
is no longer in use

Citizen Band radio is ...

only for use by truckers
currently illegal in Australia
available to anyone and does not require a License
All of the above

A Foundation License holder can transmit ...

On any frequency
Only within a 10km radius
using up to 10 Watts peak power
using up to 100 Watts peak power

As Amateurs, we can ...

only transmit on frequencies within our allocated bands
responsibly share the radio spectrum with other Services
operate within the limitations of our license
All of the above

A Foundation Amateur Licence provides access to how many Amateur Bands?

A total of 4
A total of 6
A total of 10
A total of 27