Progress Through Activity

Amateur Radio Club Inc.

Video Tutorials


Your Entry into Amateur Radio,
the foundation licence training manual



Amateur Operator's
Certificate of Proficiency


The Foundation Licence

   The emphasis for this course is so that you have the knowledge and skills to safely assemble an Amateur Radio station from commercial equipment, and operate it without causing interference to other users. You will also need to be aware of how amateur radio relates to other users of the radio spectrum, your licence conditions, technical basics of electricity and electronics, transmitters, receivers, feed-lines and antennas, propagation, electromagnetic compatibility (EMC), and electromagnetic radiation (EMR).

   The licence structure requires completion of a practical assessment common to the three grades of licence. This means that once you have been declared competent by an assessor for the practical assessment as part of the qualification in receiving an amateur licence, that competency is transferable should you upgrade your licence.

Radio Bands You Can Use

   The foundation licence operator can operate in the bands listed below using the modes listed in the right hand column. The foundation licence operator can only use commercially manufactured equipment.

Radio band


Permitted Emission Modes

80 Metres

3.500 MHz - 3.700 MHz

Amplitude Modulation (AM) voice
Single Side Band (SSB) voice 
Hand Keyed Morse Code 


40 Metres

7.0 00 MHz - 7.300 MHz

15 Metres

21.000 MHz - 21.450 MHz

10 Metres

28.000 MHz - 29.700 MHz

Amplitude Modulation (AM) voice
Single Side Band (SSB) voice 
Hand Keyed Morse Code
Frequency Modulation (FM) voice

2 Metres

144 MHz - 148 MHz

70 Centimetres

430 MHz - 450 MHz


Distances You Can Work

Radio band Distance & Coverage
3.5MHz (80 metres) Typically up to 150KM during the day and up to 3000KM at night.
7MHz (40 metres) Typically up to 1000KM during the day and during good conditions world wide at night.
21 MHz (15 metres) World wide mostly during the day.
28 MHz (10 metres) World wide during periods of high sunspot activity and up to 3000km in summer.
144MHz (2 metres) Local coverage and world wide via "IRLP" and EchoLink.
432MHz (70cm)  Local coverage, over 2000 km using something known as tropospheric ducting and world wide via "IRLP" and EchoLink.  

   Output power must not exceed 10 watts. The Foundation Licence does not allow you to use kit or home built transmitter the transmitter must be manufactured commercially.

   For full licence privilege details, read the latest Licence Conditions Determination.

How do I prepare for this?

   Westlakes Amateur Radio Club conducts formal training courses from time to time, see the calendar page for upcoming dates or contact us to find out when the next course will be held.

   We recommend you get Your Entry into Amateur Radio, the foundation licence training manual, available from the club for $25. You can also purchase this book from the WIA and of course, our teachers are always at your disposal!

   As a study aid you can view the video tutorials from R.E.S. The Radio & Electronics School, You can use these tutorials as a stand alone or in conjunction with the training  provided by the Westlakes Amateur Radio Club.

   Assessments are conducted at the club, usually on Saturdays. Check the upcoming events the calendar  for news of upcoming Training & Assessment events.


John Saunders VK2EV or Jeff Green VK2MCD.
WIA Assessors.


Westlakes Amateur Radio Club Inc. York Street, Teralba NSW